Do you have to learn to write an argumentative theme for the school or the Third Media Exam? Here are all the tips for making the lineup and the outline of an argumentative text, with an example of a turning trace from which to draw inspiration.

Topic Theme: what it is and how to do it

Do you want to write an argumentative text? Dealing with this type of theme is not easy, but learning what its structure is and how it is done is important, given that it is also one of the new tracks of Maturity 2019 and of the Italian Third Media exam. Are you wondering what an argumentative theme is and what it consists of? Do you also have doubts about how the scheme of an argumentative theme is composed? Do not panic, because even if many consider the argumentative theme as one of the most difficult to carry out at school, in a task in the classroom or in the Third Media Exam, in reality it is not really so. It is enough to face it in the right way and to know exactly what an argumentative text consists of, so as not to make mistakes and, above all, not to go off topic.

The argumentative theme is a text in which you express your idea about a specific theme that is proposed to you in the title or by means of the sheets attached to your work. The thesis that you will carry on will have to be based on solid arguments supported by data and texts, so as to refute the antithesis and arrive at a conclusion that leaves no room for rethinking.

So let’s see the precise lineup to best perform an argumentative text.

Argumentative topic ladder: how to do it

As we have told you, an argumentative text takes place by trying to best expose your personal thesis on a specific theme that is proposed to you by the professors. It can be an argumentative topic about bullying, racism, an argumentative text about school or friendship. The theme is the widest possible and, above all in middle schools, it will concern something that everyone knows about. The first thing to do when dealing with an argumentative topic is the lineup. It is essential because it helps you to write down all your thoughts, ordering them schematically and supporting you during the writing so you don’t forget anything. The lineup is divided like this:

Introduction: here, before presenting the thesis that you have decided to support, it is necessary to introduce the reader to the topic that will be discussed. It is necessary to provide the reader with a general picture of the situation and the main theme so that even an outsider can understand what is being discussed as there may be themes and arguments that support our thesis.

Thesis: once the topic has been presented, the thesis is presented. It is the central topic of your theme, it is what you support and believe in that particular topic, for this you must assert yourself. Your thesis should be supported by objective data, other writings, testimonies, expert opinions … all to give strength to your arguments and convince the reader that what you are saying is right.

Antithesis and Refutation: the antithesis is fundamental. You will have to present it carefully because, if you are quite crafty, you will need it to further validate your thesis. If, in fact, the antithesis is that part of speech that should refute and destroy your thesis and your idea, if you have presented enough themes and arguments in your favor, the antithesis will be an extra piece in your favor. You will confide it step by step, increasing the strength of your thesis.

Conclusion: at the end of your argumentative topic, after writing the thesis and refuting the antithesis, it will be time to enclose each thought in a final conclusion. You should try to take stock of the situation, taking up the “threads” of the various speeches and bringing them all back to a single point: your thesis + the correct one.

Conceptual Map Argumentative Text: the outline for the lineup

To help you further, in addition to writing the lineup, it may be useful to have a concept map or diagram that summarizes the main points to be treated in the various parts of the argumentative text, so as to have, point by point and in a logical sense, what you need and need. insert, without losing any information and without the risk of going off topic.

Argumentative topic done, example

Let’s say that your professors want you to reflect on a subject such as drugs, abuse of these and the proposal to legalize some soft drugs, such as marijuana, which took place in some countries. An argumentative topic on drugs therefore will be composed as follows.

Argumentative text on drugs: thesis and antithesis

Introduction: here you will explain what we are talking about. These are drugs and the world of addiction. A dangerous reality where hard drugs are unfortunately consumed every day by many people, even among the youngest. On the other hand there is also a whole substrate of people who use soft drugs, not less dangerous for this, but who also claim to have therapeutic uses and their commercialization could bring numerous income into the coffers of the State.

Presentation of the thesis and arguments in favor of the thesis: after giving the general picture, in an argumentative text on drugs you have to decide “which side to take”. Are you in favor of legalizing soft drugs? Then explain it by bringing numerous examples, data and themes to support your thesis. Think instead it’s all wrong and that every drug is dangerous: even in this case, make your reasons helped by texts, data, analysis …

Antithesis and refutation: depending on which of the two ideas you have decided to support, it is time to destroy the other. If you are in favor of legalization, you can take as the antithesis the fact that many claim there is a need for a harsher repression policy. To refute this thesis, the answer is only one: it has been years since this attempt succeeded because the mafia manages a large part of the drug trade which, if at least soft drugs were legalized, would not happen and the State would gain it.

Conversely, if you are against legalization, the antithesis will probably focus on the fact that drugs like marijuana are often used in the hospital as medicines. For this antithesis, in order to refute it, you can give examples of post-traumatic dependence of patients who have been treated with soft drugs.

Conclusion: to close your argumentation topic you will have to collect all your arguments in favor of the thesis and try to further confirm the truthfulness and reliability of your thesis. At that point you can also conclude the argumentative theme with an effective sentence.

Argumentative theme: all the traces carried out

At this point we have given you all the advice to write an excellent argumentative text. But do you need concrete examples?